Saturday, November 10, 2012

What is the capital of Canada?

From My High School What is the capital of Canada?

What is the capital of Canada? Does any American know? Perhaps some students have learned about Canada and its geography in classes such as AP Human Geography, but the majority of Americans do NOT know the capital of the country touching borders with the U.S., the country in which we also have the most political ties with. I asked twenty people over the course of a couple weeks and the answers were almost always “Ontario” or “Toronto.” Out of these twenty, NONE of them could answer the question correctly. The people asked weren’t just students, but also teachers and adults who have P.H.D’s and successful jobs. Just as expected, after I told them they were wrong many said, “No one cares about Canada; they don’t do anything for us.”
Below is a brief summary of what Canada has done for America over the course of 75 years.
     Canada and America’s relationship started in 1938, when, as war began to form in Europe, U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt gave a speech in Kingston, Ontario saying that “the United States would not sit idly by if another power tried to dominate Canada.” This was the start of a great diplomatic relationship between the two countries that still lasts to the present day.  When World War II finally started, both nations remained close in the challenge to defeat the Axis powers. 49,000 Americans joined the RCAF (Royal Canadian Air Force) during the war and in 1940; FDR and Canadian Prime Minister William King met and signed a declaration calling for close cooperation. On D-Day, there were THREE allied armies that attacked the beaches of Normandy. Everyone seems to remember the U.S. and British attacks, but one of the five beaches, Juno, was taken, and held, by the Canadian military. Canadian ships also provided landing support, cover fire while the Royal Canadian Air Force provided air cover. This act of bravery and support by these three nations helped liberate Paris and eventually Western Europe.

Canada also cooperated with the construction on the Alaska Highway and participated in the construction of the atomic bomb that ultimately ended WWII for the United States.
Canadian forces have provided indirect support for the American invasion of Iraq that began in 2003 and
also fought alongside the Americans in World War II, the Korean War, and continue to do so in the current war in Afghanistan.  

The United States and Canada share the world's largest trading relationship, which supports seven million jobs in the US. Canada is the single largest foreign supplier of energy to the United States and Canada's oil sands has made it the world's third largest holder of oil reserves, after Saudi Arabia and Venezuela. Canadian uranium helps fuel U.S. nuclear power plants.  Canada is also the United States' second largest supplier of goods. American imports of Canadian goods have risen 185% since 1993.  Canada is also America’s largest supplier of Agricultural imports.  15.1% of oil imported by the US is from Canada. After the September 11 attacks on the World Trade Centers and other American targets, the Canadian government commenced Operation Yellow Ribbon to handle the diversion of civilian airline flights internationally. Canada did this to ensure that potentially-destructive air traffic be removed from U.S. airspace as quickly as possible and away from potential U.S. targets, and allowed them to land in Canada, where their destructive nature could be better contained and neutralized. As none of the aircraft proved to be a threat, Canada played host to the many people aboard the aircraft during the ensuing delay in reaching their U.S. destination. This selfless act is held in high regard by the United States government and should be known by all its citizens.

President John F. Kennedy told Parliament in Ottawa in May 1961 that "Geography has made us neighbors. History has made us friends. Economics has made us partners. And necessity has made us allies. Those whom nature hath so joined together, let no man put asunder."

President Barack Obama, speaking in 
Ottawa at his first official international visit in February 19, 2009, said, "I love this country. We could not have a better friend and ally."     

Canada has and continues to be the United States biggest ally and trading partner, and has helped the United States in times of war and internal terrorism. So, before you jump on the bandwagon and discredit Canada to make the country you live in feel somewhat “superior”, you should know how they help the United States and impact your everyday life. Do you know what the capital of Canada is?

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